Research and articles




1. ‘Standing desks benefit young students’, written by Kyrie O’Connor for the Houston Chronicle.

“If you work in an office, you have probably encountered people who tout the health benefits of using a standing desk. New studies out of Texas A&M University now show that a standing desk may benefit your schoolchild, too, both in weighing less and learning more…”


2.  ‘Students stand when called upon, and when not’, written by Susan Saulny for the New Yorker.

“Inside, an experiment is going on that makes it among the more unorthodox public school classrooms in the country, and pupils are being studied as much as they are studying. Unlike children almost everywhere, those in Ms. Brown’s class do not have to sit and be still. Quite the contrary – they may stand and fidget all class long if they want. And they do…”


3. ‘Portable standing desk just what the doctor ordered’, written by Rachel Clun for The Age.

“The benefits of using a standing desk are well documented, and one innovative Australian doctor has invented a portable standing desk to help more people stand while working. Sitting at a desk all day is harmful to your health, and regular exercise doesn’t counteract the damage you’re doing by sitting all day…”





1. ‘How Standing Desks can help students focus in the classroom’, written by Holly Korbey for Mind/Shift.

“The rise of the standing desk may appear to be a response to the modern, eat-at-your-desk, hunched-over worker chained to her computer, but history paints a different picture: Hemingway, Benjamin Franklin, and Thomas Jefferson all stood while they worked…”


2. 'New study indicates students’ cognitive functioning improves when using standing desks', written by Rae Lynn Mitchell for Texas A&M news.

“Test results indicated that continued use of standing desks was associated with significant improvements in executive function and working memory capabilities...”

3. 'Canada releases world's first 24-hour movement behaviour guidelines'. 

“On June 26 Canada released the Canadian 24 Hour Movement Guidelines for Children and Youth.  These guidelines call for at least 60 minutes per day of moderate to vigorous physical activity, no more than two hours a day of recreational screen time....”







1. ‘Difference in Caloric Expenditure in Sitting versus Standing Desks’, written by Christopher Reiff, Kara Marlatt and Donald Dengel, for the Journal of Physical Activity and Health.

“Traditional desks require students to sit; however, recently schools have provided students with nontraditional standing desks. The purpose of this study was to investigate differences in caloric expenditure of young adults while sitting at a standard classroom desk and standing at a nontraditional standing classroom desk…”



2. ‘Effect of work station design on sitting posture in young children’, written by Marschall, Harington and Steele (book – available to download PDF through link).

“The purpose of this study was to compare muscular activity levels and sitting posture displayed by 10 children when performing tracing tasks while seated at a traditional work station, and at an ergonomically designed work station…”



3.  ‘Thinking on your feet: A qualitative evaluation of sit-stand desks in an Australian workplace’, written by Guenseit et al.

“Epidemiological research has established sitting as a new risk factor for the development of non-communicable chronic disease. Sit-stand desks have been proposed as one strategy to reduce occupational sedentary time. This formative research study evaluated the acceptability and usability of manually and electrically operated sit-stand desks in a medium-sized government organisation located in Sydney, Australia…”



4.  ‘Acceptability of standing workstations in elementary schools: A pilot study’, written by Hinckson et al. (Requires payment to view entire article).

“Objective: to examine the acceptability of introducing standing workstations in elementary-school classrooms; and to quantify changes in children’s time spent sitting, standing, and walking; step-counts, sit-to-stand transactions; and musculoskeletal discomfort…”



5. ‘Desk-based workers’ perspectives on using sit-stand workstations: a qualitative analysis of the Stand@Work study’, written by Chau et al.

“Prolonged sitting time has been identified as a health risk factor. Sit-stand workstations allow desk workers to alternate between sitting and standing throughout the working day, but not much is known about their acceptability and feasibility. Hence, the aim of this study was to qualitatively evaluate the acceptability, feasibility and perceptions of using sit-stand workstations in a group of desk-based office workers…”



6. ‘Sharpening the Mind through Movement: Stand-up Desks’, written by John Kilbourne through Grand Valley State University. (Available for free download).

“For nearly twenty years I have been teaching courses in sport studies in the typical college or university classroom setting. The classrooms usually consisted of thirty to forty chairs with attached desks organized in neat rows all facing front. There was little opportunity to alter the configuration because of the confined space, time and the other classes that preceded and followed mine. In the fall of 2008 this all changed when I introduced tabletop desks and exercise stability balls as options for seats. Researching the effectiveness of the exercise ball on student attention and focus I discovered that 98% of the students surveyed would like this option in every class. During the spring of 2010 I expanded my research to include the use of fixed-height, stand-up desks as an additional choice for the students. In my theory courses students had the option of sitting on the exercise balls, standing at a desk, or sitting in a regular chair at a desk…”




7. ‘Workplace Sitting and height-adjustable workstations: a randomized controlled trial’, written by Dunstan et al. (Available for free download from link)

“Desk-based office employees sit for most of their working day. To address excessive sitting as a newly identified health risk, best practice frameworks suggest a multi-component approach. However, these approaches are resources intensive and knowledge about their impact is limited…”




8. ‘Breaking Up Workplace sitting time with intermittent standing bouts improves fatigue and musculoskeletal discomfort in overweight-obese office workers’, written by Dunstan et al. (Available for free download from link).

“Objectives: To examine whether the introduction of intermittent standing bouts during the day using a height-adjustable workstation can improve subjective levels of fatigue, musculoskeletal discomfort and work productivity related to seated work…”



9. ‘Does an ‘activity-permissive’ workplace change office workers’ sitting and activity time?’, written by Dunstan et al. (Available for free download from link).

“To describe changes in workplace physical activity, health, and work-related outcomes, in workers who transitioned from a conventional to an ‘activity-permissive’ workplace…”




10. ADHD Kids Must Fidget To Learn; Sitting Still Hurts Concentration And Performance

"Excess gross motor activity (hyperactivity) is considered a core diagnostic feature of childhood ADHD that impedes learning. This view has been challenged, however, by recent models that conceptualize excess motor activity as a compensatory mechanism that facilitates neurocognitive functioning in children with ADHD. The current study investigated competing model predictions regarding activity level’s relation with working memory (WM) performance and attention in boys aged 8–12 years"



11. ‘The Active Classroom: Supporting Students with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder through Exercise’, written by Mulrine et al.

“Teachers face many challenges in their daily effort to meet the needs of and ensure success for a diverse group of students, including students who are inattentive and have trouble staying focused and on task. All students, especially those with attention deficit disorder, need exercise; it assists them with concentration and provides an outlet for healthy impulse discharge, helping to control impulsivity…”



12. ‘The Evaluation of the Impact of a Stand-Biased Desk on Energy Expenditure and Physical Activity for Elementary School Students’,

written by Benden et al.

“Due to the increasing prevalence of childhood obesity, the association between classroom furniture and energy expenditure as well as physical activity was examined using a standing-desk intervention in three central-Texas elementary schools…”



 13. 'Outcomes of a Sit-to-Stand Device on Outcomes of Special Needs Studentts', written by Health Partners. 

"Prolonged sitting time has been identified as a risk factor for various health outcomes including chronic conditions, metabolic syndrome and obesity..."



14.  'The Impact of Stand-Biased Desks in Classrooms on Calorie Expenditure in Children', written by Benden et al. 

"Childhood obesity is a public health concern with significant health and economic impacts. We conducted a prospective experimental study in 4 classrooms in central Texas..."


15. The effects of sit-stand workstations on children’s school sitting time, anthropometric measures and blood pressure was recently discussed at the Australian & New Zealand Obesity Society 2015 Annual Scientific Meeting. (abstract)


"Sedentary behaviours in children, independent of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity, have being associated with an increased obesity risk.  During week-days, children spend almost half of their waking hours at school, of which 50 – 70% is spent sitting. Introducing desks that allow children to stand during lessons has the potential to reduce children’s overall sitting and prevent unhealthy increases in adiposity and cardiometabolic risk factors..." 

16. Children, computer exposure and musculoskeletal outcomes: the development of pathway models for school and home computer-related musculoskeletal outcomes, written by Straker et al. 

"Children's computer use is rapidly growing, together with reports of related musculoskeletal outcomes. Models and theories of adult-related risk factors demonstrate multivariate risk factors associated with computer use. Children's use of computers is different from adult's computer use at work. This study developed and tested a child-specific model demonstrating multivariate relationships between musculoskeletal outcomes, computer exposure and child factors..."





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